Total time-2 hours Question 1 ( Suggested
time 40 minutes . This questions counts as one-third of the total score for
Section II .) Carefully read Chief Seattle
' s oration to Governor Isaac I . Stevens who had just returned from
... Yonder sky that has wept tears of compassion[BR7] upon
my people for centuries untold , and which to us
appears changeless and eternal , may change . Today is fair .
Tomorrow it may be overcast with clouds . My words are like the stars
that never change . Whatever
Your Introduction: Be sure to
include any necessary background and setting for your discussion. For this prompt, you should set the
discussion up with the circumstances surrounding the speech as a response by
Chief Seattle to the
About Your Thesis: Try to give yourself three support points to address when you write the thesis. It is not absolutely necessary, but it is advisable, to use the technical writing terms that are given to you in the prompt.
In an artfully organized speech to Gov. Stevens, Chief Seattle issues a diplomatic but chilling warning to the American president, who is planning to seize the chief’s tribal lands and move his people onto reservations. The chief uses figuratively language and a philosophical tone to persuade the president to treat the tribal people well.
Your Diction and Tone:
Remember that you are writing in the 3rd person only. You will not be giving adoring compliments about any of the writing, but you may comment on the careful organization, artful organization. It would not be appropriate to say that this is a good speech, though we might all agree that it is one of the best we have heard. Your job is discuss the writer’s strategies, not compliment him on his work.
Your level of care for this essay:
Remember that the scorers are looking for an essay which addresses the prompt fully (Chief Seattle’s purpose and his rhetorical strategies for accomplishing that purpose). They will also be looking for a well organized discussion:
Introduction with Thesis
Support paragraph: Use of figurative language, all relating to nature
Support paragraph: Organization…..friendly to historical to somewhat threatening
Support paragraph: Diction…use of the 3rd person to keep a formal, diplomatic tone
Conclusion (not a repetitive copy of your introduction!)
The scorers will possibly give you a “qualified” score with a few minor errors in spelling or form, but you should proofread your essay, making corrections as possible, and being sure it is neatly written (at least neatly enough to allow the scorers to read your handwriting).
[BR1]Analyze purpose first! Be sure that you include a statement of his purpose in your thesis statement.
[BR2]The bold and underlined words in the next sentence are the strategies to consider and discuss.
[BR3]Figurative language will be highlighted in pink in the speech. Your thesis should use these technical terms (figurative language, simile, or metaphor)
The chief begins in a very conciliatory tone, even offering compliments (“this
is kind of him”) and ac
the author’s choice of words that creates tone, attitude, and style, as well as
meaning. This might include his choice
of 1st, 2nd or 3rd person.
[BR6]Tone: the author’s attitude toward his subject.
[BR7]Personification. The chief treats nature as a living entity. The overarching sky watches over his people continuously for centuries, all their time of existence. He contrasts the changing nature of the sky with his words, which are as reliable as the stars in the heavens (simile… like the stars).
[BR8]Another simile….like the grass……The grass springs up quickly with the slightest encouragement from a bit of rain. It covers the landscape, much more plentiful that trees, which may have been there a much longer time.
[BR9]Night is a metaphor for the end of their good lives (day). The sun is going down on the time when they lived well on the plains. The metaphor is extended with the image of a starless sky (with the stars representing light, hope).